Jerzy Lechowski, 2010-04-29 Warszawa Filozofia i etyka, Artykuły
The equqtion for happiness- artykuł w języku angielskim.
Prof. dr hab. inż. Jerzy Lechowski
Międzynarodowa Akademia Nauk AIS San Marino
The equqtion for happiness
Different kinds of stresses often appear in our lives, these stresses become the cause of many ailments, like for example stomach and duodenal ulcers, inefficiencies in circulation and even tumours. However, we are not always aware of how efficiently and systematically we poison ourselves with our own thoughts (this isn't only a poetic figure of speech), all negative emotions that are experienced often (hatred, fear, jealousy) are also improper nourishment for our souls, which is something we often don't full realise in time. To be physically and spiritually healthy we must abide by the rules of mental hygiene, not allowing thoughts that are sad, tragic and that are sinister towards other people. These sort unhygienic behaviours turn against us, systematically and guilefully damaging. The first system to be emotionally and intellectually (through information) poisoned is the nervous system, next the hormonal system, until lastly it gets to illnesses that show themselves through physical changes in our bodily organs. These changes often become irreversible, that is why we should keep this in mind and, for our own good, remember not only to brush our teeth and wash the rest of our bodies but to also take care of our internal cleanliness through abiding by the rules of mental hygiene. This is possible to achieve when we are kind, agreeable and good towards others, always helping when help is needed and not expecting gratitude in return. Because this is what real happiness is all about. There have been many superb and memorable works as well as aphorisms written on the subject of happiness. Throughout the centuries philosophers and thinkers understood the concept of happiness differently but we still do not have an exact definition or a mathematical formula for "happiness". But is it at all possible for the empirical sciences to investigate and define happiness in some mathematically scientific way? It turns out that happiness can be defined in such a way. There is even a mathematical formula that synthesises the different ideas from philosophy and religion. The concept of happiness was analysed by Wladislaw Tarkiewicz in his treatise "About Happiness". As it turns out, happiness can be briefly and concisely defined -it is simply the "goodness" that shows us how to behave in life so as to not harm others but to serve them.
On the basis of the emotion-information field theory (there is more about this in "Postepach Cybernetyki" no. 3 form the year 1983 as well as no. 2 form the year 1987, also in the unpublished qualifying thesis of J. Lechowski form the year 1987) one can show that there is a connection between the scientifically technical concept of goodness and goodness in the general, humanistic and philosophical sense. According to this theory every human being is defined by his or her actions, emotions experienced and information acquired and passed on.
In every person - just as in every physical object- one can differentiate between three basic components that are linked with each other, in electrotechnics they are represented by R and called resistance, L -inductiveness and C-volume. These components, obviously, depend on the structure and functioning of the organism which in turn, as is known, are subject to the scientifically-chemical laws, universally described by Maxwell's calculations. It has been accepted that to every component in the electromagnetic field there is a parallel component and laws in the information-emotion field. This means that the electrical field, that is related to volume C, corresponds to the information field; the magnetic field, that is related to inductivness L, corresponds to the emotional field; the field of flowing current, that is related to resistance R, corresponds to action; the pulsing changes in alternating electrical current w- correspond to how often the informational-emotional processes change. What corresponds to resonance circuit Q - is happiness S*, where:
Q = wL = 1
Happiness Q, from the scientific point of view, is obviously related to the selectivity of the how one receives "desired" signals this explains the resonance curve. Only a theoretical scientific resonance circuit could be an unendingly good system. However, in practice it always contains some kinds of resistances and its goodness cannot be unendingly great. A human being is, as is known, a very complicated organism but to some degree it is possible to compare him/her to a resonance circuit. Therefore, if into the above equation for Q we replace R, L, C and w with the following equations:
R = 1 L = z mS C = 'S w = 1
d S 1 1 LC
after that changes we get the equation for happiness S*
Where the quantity that appears in this equation are represented as follows:
z - the number of times we repeat what we like to do,
S- number of ways to get to the objective,
g-competence in solving the problems that life throws our way,
l- distance to objective or desired object (remembering that l=v.t),
v-how fast one reaches the objective,
t-time taken to reach objective,
m-emotional permeability, thanks to which our emotional life becomes richer and we are able to be happy about what is,
e -Intellectual permeability, this allows us to foresee the future (we often see this future in a more negative light than is necessary).
The above-mentioned definition of happiness, in the form of a mathematical-scientific equation, contains general information about what and how our happiness depends on. Using this definition we can find the causes of our unhappiness. Besides which, it is an example of how one can use the laws of physics to analyse a mental-emotional state of a person. Because of existing resistances, which we can call physical limits, that reality creates, a person cannot be unendingly good and through this unendingly happy. Those who have the greatest chances to attain happiness are those who -on the basis of the already mentioned selectivity of receiving only desired signals- give themselves to only one primary ideal and don’t use up their energy on unimportant problems, that usually don’t get completely solved anyway. One such example would be the ideal of serving others that Mother Teresa from Calcutta propagated. Similarly prominent artists, scholars and inventors, also social activists with a deep faith in God, or in the ideal of human goodness, have the opportunity to reach happiness. The mathematically scientific definition of happiness, that is given here, must of course be correctly understood and one must notice in it a deep philosophical essence, resulting from the physical laws of nature and psycho-scientific analogies here accepted.
I mention this because this definition was discussed in many circles and, although it always aroused interest, it turned out that many people, many with a humanistic outlook, had an inborn or learned aversion to the mathematical and scientific fields and couldn’t correctly interpret the practical sense contained in the mathematical formula. The educed formula, taking into account factors of the environment in which a person lives, is a definition of happiness that tells us how and what it depends on, in addition it allows one to work out ones degree of happiness with the aim of improvement. From the formula it is evident that there exist seven ways to improve your level of happiness, in accordance with the seven values that appear, these can be changed depending on the existing circumstances. Understanding, accepting and applying the given formula cannot lead us, as could be wrongly assumed, to egoism harmful to the environment, resulting from the permute of pleasures, that of course shouldn’t be avoided. A truly happy person can only be a person who is good towards others and through this becomes good also towards him/her self. In principle this is egoism but it is sublimed and with foresight, one can call it altruism. Our world would be, undoubtedly, glorious if all people wanted to be these types of egoists.
The given formula doesn’t advocate a hedonistic attitude towards life, meaning an attitude that only accepts acting in a way that brings pleasure. Individuals who, for different reasons, are unable to solve the problems that life throws their way usually abuse alcohol of drugs with the hope that in this way they will improve their state of happiness. Meanwhile their happiness S* diminishes to zero because of the diminishing denominator g that in this sort of situation, must head towards zero. If, in accordance with the formula, we are happy with what is at this moment or what was in the past, we will not want any changes that would be pointless because they are unavoidable and therefore, precisely, only they are constant. Through an analysis of the “happiness” formula one should ascertain that the great intellectual permeability e, despite what it seams like in the formula ( e is in the denominator so it shouldn’t promote happiness) it is needed to solve the problems that life throws our way, because enterprise g depends on e in the following way:
w - how often the informational and emotional processes change,
e - informational permeability (intellectual)
IR - flow of action
IC – information flow
However if we only use permeability e to foresee sad happenings it would be better for it to be as small as possible (idiots appear happy, healthy and have a smile on their face). Every normal person should, therefore, not foresee any sad occurrences and if s/he has a great “goodness” then his/her conscience will also be clear and s/he wont be afraid of anything. Excessive and constant poisoning of oneself through ones thoughts generates, as is known, unfortunate events- on the basis of a self-fulfilling prophecy. Pope John Paul II said: “ Happy are those who understood that there is greater happiness in giving than in receiving, and in serving than in being served upon.” The proof of these words we find in the formula given above. However, to “understand” one must have a great intellectual permeability e and also great enterprise g. A courageous person more easily has some thing to give to others. Besides which, during the process of giving (at the moment when t= 0, i.e. Now) the goal s/he has set is reached because the distance l from the goal is at that moment 0. The receiver is always worse off than the giver (be it in material goods, feelings or information). It could also happen that this so called unlucky person accepts something from the giver so as not to hurt that persons feelings. It is easiest to give things to those you love, that is why love for ones neighbour could also contribute to our happiness. In every case of giving and receiving we see clearly that it is easier and “better to give and not to take”. The fact that “serving is better than being served upon.” comes from the fact that only a person who is healthy in the mind, body and spirit (having great enterprise g) has a greater possibility to serve. The person being served usually has less enterprise g and therefore less competence than the person serving. In spite of appearances, any one who wants to can give, only s/he must learn to do it with good style, i.e. in such a way the person s/he is giving to feels pleased. One might think that a person who is for example poor and ill cannot give to others –that s/he can only take, but this isn’t the case. Such a person can also “give” someone the opportunity and possibility to show him/her some generosity. One cannot come to any hasty conclusions on the basis of the formula for happiness S* in whose denominator we have the distance to the goal l, that one should resign from goals that are too far or maybe too ambitious. All you need to do is to skilfully divide these too far-fetched goals (for which l is large) into medium goals (easier to reach depending on existing circumstances), for it is a well-known fact that large things are always made up of smaller ones. Acting in this way always gives one immediate satisfaction from the results and at the same time, gives one a state that creates happiness in the given moment and mobilises one to put more effort towards the efficient realisation of new goals. One should also notice that too often (totally unnecessarily) we give up all sorts of things in the name of our future happiness, that we usually don’t reach, and because we constantly give up things we are practically always unhappy. This happens, for example, in society when people want to reach the goal of never ending fairness/justice and in the process give up many things, as well as in peoples personal lives when an individual reaches the giddy heights of a stunning carrier, sacrificing along the way his/her health and comfort until in the end s/he is unable to be happy from all s/he has achieved.
Happiness S*, as we see from the formula, is proportionally dependant on the roads (S-values) leading to the goal. But will too many such roads not cause additional problems with choice? For, it doesn’t happen often that we can reach a goal using many roads. Often, choosing one road we must give up on the other ones. The choice of the best road to the goal is in reality dependent on our enterprise g.
In concluding we must once again draw your attention to what is often forgotten about in many different discussions (not only the ones about happiness), that every mathematical formula is a whole so therefore, should be examined as a whole and not be pulled apart into fragments because then we will only be right on the surface, demagogically. It is important that the factors contained in the formula always be regarded simultaneously. This is, as we know, a characteristic of mathematical formulas. That is why when we regard any factor we cannot do it in separation from the remaining factors. A whole is, as we know not simply a sum of parts but it is a new standard in which all the elements are closely related with each other creating a beautifully functioning harmony. This is what, among others, mathematical and also working technical devices are. For example, the parts of a watch will not tell the time, even if they are grouped together, if they are not joined into a functioning whole.
However, one must with regret ascertain that this elementary lack of mathematical culture in our society is always heavily paid for, and so called truths and parliamentary debates, often silly and demagogical, are never ending.
Having too many roads (ways) and things to deal with is precisely what leads us to perplexities that we cant get out of.
According to M. Mazur, there exist three types of perplexity . However, knowing the formula for “happiness” S* and understanding its mathematical sense, we should be happy about what is (enlarging m, and thanks to the enlarged intellectual permeability e, we also enlarge our intelligence receiving the longed-for happiness and psychological health that is the basis foe physical health. Physical vigour, a healthy spirit and an intelligent mind are closely linked to each other and they strengthen one another. That is why we should always remember that if we should feel psychologically depressed we should mobilise the remains of our physical strength and do anything that we are physically able to do, even if it is only a small thing. These small successes will release in us a positive feedback and then an avalanche of other successes, that we must learn to be happy about, will follow. This happiness can give us saving thoughts of bigger and more beautiful works, which, in finishing, will bring us true happiness.